Every day our networks and devices expose to risks and security attacks perpetrated by cybercriminals. Hackers and similar fauna exploit vulnerabilities in our systems to take control over our sensitive data. And how do they do it? Attack vectors in cybersecurity are the answer.
The term itself is a loan-word from the military jargon; and in this sense, it literally refers to a hole or failure in the line of defense. Such flaws can be double agents; an overlapped vulnerability in the means of transmission of an ultra-secret message; etc.
Similarly, the attack vectors in cybersecurity (computer) are the means granting access to hackers to a computer; device; or computer network to transmit malicious codes with the express purpose of obtaining some benefits in return.
In this regard, attack vectors in cybersecurity exploit vulnerabilities in users – primarily through the use of social engineering from any device that contains data access to all your accounts.
As hackers do not rest in their search of new attack vectors in cybersecurity; it’s necessary to constantly review and update our lines of defense to prevent their intrusion in our digital environments.
How hackers exploit the attack vectors in cybersecurity
Their methodology goes like this:
- Analysis and inspection of the potential target
To this end, hackers employ sniffing, emails, malware or social engineering.
Following, they select the best choice to invade our networks. In other words, they proceed to encode and align the best tools to exploit the vulnerability.
Third, they break our security and plant the malicious software.
Once they have breached our systems; they proceed to exploit the collected information (sensitive data) to obtain the intended benefits.
Now, let’s give a look on the different attack vectors in cybersecurity attacks that expose us to potential vulnerabilities.
Cybersecurity attack vectors: Hosts
These are attacks that go straight to our devices or hosts in general. We’ll mention only some of the best known.
- Malware: Includes all programs that introduce malicious codes (viruses, worms, Trojans) on our computers, causing multiple and invaluable damage.
Employs programs to collect everything that the user types via keyboard. They can even take screenshots.
- Social engineering: Obtaining confidential information from a person or organization to use it for malicious purposes. The most striking examples are phishing and spam.
- Phishing: Consist in deceiving the users to obtain their confidential information by spoofing the identity of a body or Internet website.
- Spam: Unsolicited messages, commonly in the shape of ads, sent in a massive and repetitive manner. Email is the most used means for such attacks; but also instant messaging programs; and even unsolicited calls via cell phone.
Cybersecurity attack vectors: Network
Computer networks are the favorite means of many hackers to steal information to sell to the highest bidder white; or causing sabotage aimed at slowing down the network’s traffic. They can be active and passive attacks.
So, active attacks occur when an intruder manages to install malicious codes aimed to sabotage the good performance of networks and computers; while on the other hand, the passive attack occurs when an attacker gets into a network and
intercepts data exchange on the network.
Attack vectors in cybersecurity: Active attacks
- Spoofing: Addresses to the use of techniques for identity theft.
- Modification: Consists in modifying the routing table so that the sender sends message through longer paths causing major delays.
- DDoS: Attack of Denial of Service (DDoS) is to keep busy consuming network bandwidth with constant messages that disrupt normal service delivery.
- Fabrication: False routing message generated to prevent information of reaching its destination.
Attack vectors in cybersecurity: Passive attacks
- Sniffing or traffic analysis: An attacker detects the communication path between sender and receiver. Following, finds the amount of data moving between sender and receiver. There are no changes in the data.
- Eavesdropping: Occurs in the ad-hoc mobile network. The main objective of this attack is finding out secret or confidential information by intercepting the means of communication.
- Supervision: Attack where hackers can read confidential data, but cannot edit it.
What should we do to debug our networks from attack vectors?
Of course, this is the next logical question we must answer. Here we give you some advice to shield your networks and remove any attack vectors:
- Keep your networks and servers free of redundant softwares.
- Update and apply every security patch you find. These solutions correct
vulnerabilities discovered over time.
- Train the final users of your networks and services on what good practices mean regarding digital security. Make campaigns and regular talks on this subject.
- Use firewalls. This additional tool monitors and controls traffic between private and public networks.
- Make periodic backups of your sensitive data, so you can always recover the
information in zero-day events, failure or system attacks.
- Keep an eye on the latest trends in digital security through specialized magazines or technology websites.
- Use constantly updated antivirus.
Our proposal is helping you to adopt the best options to enhance your digital security. To do this, we offer you the most reliable and powerful tools with global prestige to get the protection you need; so you count on the best defenses against attack vectors in cybersecurity.